Start Your Engines

Running-In

The modern model car engine requires relatively little running in, due to the use of ABC piston and liner assembly. The engine should be run on a rich setting for approximately 6-8 tanks of fuel, with another 6-8 at a slightly less rich setting. Once this has been completed, the internal engine components should be properly seated and a normal setting can be used. A good idea is to use a running in fuel as it is especially designed for breaking in new engines without damage.

The best methods of checking on the running setting of the engine, is to first check the smoke trail coming out of the exhaust with the car is running. A very rich setting would allow the car to pull away slowly or slugglish with a momentary hesitation and lots of smoke from a standing start. When the car is accelerating at full throttle, the engine will never "Clean Out". When an engine cleans out, the speed and the rpms will increase suddenly and dramatically, as if the engine has switched to second gear. Also, the amount of smoke that comes from the exhaust will decrease. Cleaning Out is a desirable characteristic once the engine is fully broken in.

As the engine reaches normal operating temperature, it will speed up and performance will increase. This occurs because the fuel mixture is becoming leaner with the increased temperature. You will need to richen the fuel mixture so that the engine continues to run as described above.

When the first tank has almost gone, bring the car in and shut off the engine. Allow the engine to cool for 8 to 10 minyes before starting the engine up again. Add more fuel. Start it back up and run the second tank of fuel. Again allow the engine to cool before starting it up again.

The key to breaking in your engine is patience. During the break in period , your engine may appear to malfunction with problems such as stalling, inconsistent performance, and fouling out glow plugs. Don't give up. These are just a few things you may go through during the break in period. Just keep it running, apply the throttle on and off as smoothly as you can. Sudden bursts or quick releases of the throttle can stall your engine. Soon after break in your patience will pay off with a well running engine. The performance level of the engine will be limited by the "rich' fuel mixture which you will use all during the break-in process. Once the engine is fully broken-in the mixture can be "leaned out," and speed and acceleration will increase. Because of the rich fuel mixture and the wearing of the new parts, deposits will form on the glow plug causing it to fail. Expect to replace the glow plug during the break in period, and definitely when the engine is fully broken in and the fuel mixture is leaned out.

 

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The Engineering Diploma - A Barking and Dagenham Resource